We offer: Hanger, Main Guide, Stave, Thrust, Mushroom, Stacked,Block and Horizontal Bearings, Stern Tube and Wear Pads. In 1996 I was working onboard the legendary cruise ship SS Norway ( former SS France), and we went to drydock in Southampton. Brand New. According to T. H. White's version of the King Arthur story The Once and Future King, lignum vitae, from which the wand of Merlin is made, has magical powers. The green to greenish-brown heartwood weighs between 80 to 90 lbs/cubic foot. The properties of lignum vitae, namely its ability to withstand high stress (from heavy cables on long spans and the strain of lines rounding corners) and high temperature (due to the feeder cables becoming very hot during peak operating hours), and its ready availability from the holds of the ships in the harbor (used as dunnage and ballast) made it an ideal 'temporary' solution. Alternative Title: guaiacum wood Lignum vitae, (genus Guaiacum), any of several trees in the family Zygophyllaceae (order Zygophyllales), particularly Guaiacum officinale, native to the New World tropics. Watch; Handcafted Rollerball Lignum Vitae Pen 41. During the ’70’s I owned a Star class sailboat #2112. Lignum vitae- is a Dark green and brown heartwood, oily texture, grain visually resembles animal fur, nice floral scent, one of the most dense woods on Earth, turns and polishes wellprized by shipbuilders. I had a mate that worked on the Queen mary he was the 34 officer & his job was to watch the main bearing on the prop shaft & put water on when needed the bearing was Lignum Vitae. FREE Shipping by Amazon. The grain is slightly interlocked with fine, even texture. The densest of all woods is Allocasuarina luehmannii. Lignum Vitae Wood - sawdust shaving flake turning leaf dust powder chip. Lignum vitae is hard and durable, and is also the densest wood traded (average dried density: ~79 lbs/ft3 or ~1260 kg/m3);[3][4] it will easily sink in water. Google it, you’ll see. I make tobacco pipes, I’m concerned about the the fumes or gas that could occurre from the natural oils in wood when the tobacco is burning in the smoking chamber. Various other hardwoods may also be called lignum vitae and should not be confused with it. My father has a load of it in his shed from the 1970’s. I have a Lignum Vitae cane that was given to my Great Grandfather at the opening of the Panama canal, this wood was apparently used in the construction of the canal. Unfortunately, Lignum Vitae has been exploited to the brink of extinction, and is now an endangered species. https://library.davidtilson.com/materials/toxic.html. Lignum Vitae is the strongest and most dense wood, on the planet. I’m right in the middle of fashioning a set of 4-1/2 x 7 inch lignum vitae bearings for a 1200 lb flywheel. The handle is guayacan (genuine lignum vitae) It is the densest wood in the world. I have a set of crown green bowls made from lignum vitae. It was the traditional wood used for the British police truncheon until recently, due to its density (and strength), combined with the relative softness of wood compared to metal, thereby tending to bruise or stun rather than simply cut the skin. However, Lignum Vitae is an exceptional wood for turning on the lathe, and finishes well. Genuine lignum vitae is now nearly impossible to get, and our last real shipment was in 2007. According to the San Francisco Maritime National Park Association website, the shaft bearings on the WWII submarine USS Pampanito (SS-383) were made of this wood. Ask for the botanical name of the wood. Rot Resistance: Lignum Vitae is reported to be very durable for outdoor use and is also very resistant to insect attack. The shaft bearings on the horizontal turbines at the Pointe du Bois generating station in Manitoba are made from lignum vitae. Lignum Vitae heartwood is dark greenish brown to almost black and sharply demarcated from the pale yellow or cream-colored sapwood. It's also the world's densest wood, and has such unusual properties that the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, has its aft main shaft strut bearings made out of the stuff. My favorite wood-carving mallet is made of Lignum Vitae. The name Lignum Vitae is Latin, and means tree of life, or wood of life, which is derived from the tree’s many medicinal uses. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The wood was once very important for applications requiring a material with its extraordinary combination of strength, toughness, and density. His novel Chronicle of a Death Foretold also refers to the use of this wood in making a cane for the blind Poncio Vicario. Never had to lubricate because of the natural oils. Every now and again he will make a pan handle out of a bit. When I bought it 40 years ago I was told to put it in water occassionally to keep it in good shape but I never did, and it’s fine the way it is. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; small to medium pores, few; exclusively solitary; mineral deposits occasionally present; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, vasicentric; narrow rays. Allergies/Toxicity: Lignum Vitae has been reported to cause skin irritation. Some older hydro-turbines used journal bearings made made from this material – for the same reasons as ship’s propellers. It is rumoured that Christopher Columbus used Lignum Vitae from the new world to cure a case of syphilis (which he also contracted in the new world)! 1. Wood Bearings for Manufacturing Repair, Design, Manufacture Lignum Vitae is proud to offer Wood Bearings. Scans/Pictures: For the endgrain zoom, I’ve slightly modified the brightness of the image to help show the details of the pores. Due to lignum vitae's toughness, it can also be used as a lap in the process of cutting gems. After much research this is the one that’s come up the most. Both woods are extremely hard, heavy, oily, and have a feathered grain pattern with a distinct brownish olive color. One of the world's densest and oiliest woods. It is very easy to tell them apart. Exotic Wood Carving & Turning Blanks: Lignum Vitae-ARGENTINE & GENUINE & RECLAIMED Order exotic Lignum Vitae wood in turning blanks, spindle stock, peppermill blanks, cue stock & bowl blanks in any amount you like. Because of oily resins, requires special surface treatments for satisfactory gluing. (Both are classified in the same scientific family, Zygophyllaceae.) Hand cut with an axe. Some hardwoods from Australasia (e.g., Vitex lignum-vitae and some species of Acacia and Eucalyptus) are also referred to as lignum vitae. Example of the original construction 53 lb/yd (26 kg/m) inverted "U" rail aka "Bridge" rail, "screw" spike, and lignum vitae tie used to build the Panama Railroad from 1851 to 1855. Lignum Vitae, Latin for "Tree of Life," is the national tree of the Bahamas. This wood is used for rudder bearing material in the U.S.S. wood came from propeller bearings in old ship. JC, first off, I’d just use Argentine Lignum Vitae, listed as “Verawood” on this site. This Fibonacci staff is full of warm golden tones. Gabriel García Márquez's novel Love in the Time of Cholera includes a bathtub made of this wood in one of the main characters' homes. Don’t let it out of your sight. What is the mass of a block of LV? The better it was cut the more the rail company paid. The energies within the wood would also be excellent for divining information from far away as well as close to home. If so please email me at [email protected] The smell of fresh cut Lignum Vitae is a breath of fresh air. Lignum-Vitae is the longest lasting bearing. Lignum Vitae has been used for propeller shaft bearings on ships, and its natural oils provide self-lubrication that gives the wood excellent wear resistance. [6] Krugiodendron typically has a higher density, among many other woods that vary by sample. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, How to Tell Genuine Lignum Vitae from Argentine Lignum Vitae, https://library.davidtilson.com/materials/toxic.html, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/how-to-tell-genuine-lignum-vitae-from-argentine-lignum-vitae/, https://img.photobucket.com/albums/v328/titantornado/rough_bearing_2.jpg. Clocks - as the natural oil of the wood keeps the workings well lubricated 2. The shaft is Shedua wood, a species with lots of shimmer and glow that we call "chatoyance" it is a beautiful gem stone quality found in some woods. Only 6 left in stock (more on the way). Lignum vitae is a wood, also called guayacan or guaiacum, and in parts of Europe known as Pockholz or pokhout, from trees of the genus Guaiacum. Frames were white oak. Suggestions? I will sail to costa rice to remove these railroad ties lol. Among all the jobs done, we also changed propeller shafts, and the propeller shaft casing bushings. Color only ages more with time and especially with light exposure, yielding beautiful and very unique projects. It will sink, even in salt water. Other names for lignum vitae include palo santo (Spanish for "holy wood"), Aura palo santo and "bastard greenheart" (not to be confused with true greenheart Chlorocardium rodiei, a popular wood in shipbuilding, cabinetry, and woodturning but a completely different timber). Common Uses: Tool handles, mallet heads, bearings, bushings, pulley wheels, and turned objects. Wood has been banned by many countries for food blocks because bacteria has been found to survive in the cracks and knife scores even after submergence cleaning. The Verawood endgrain runs mirror like through the whole piece. Lignum Vitae has been used for propeller shaft bearings on ships, and its natural oils provide self-lubrication that gives the wood excellent wear resistance. It’s unique olive green color, delicate feathered grain pattern, and other-worldly rot resistance only serves to add to its aura. I have a guitar with a nearly black Lignum Vitae fretboard and it’s the best I’ve ever played. Would be submerged in oil. strong, but they are equally as beautiful. Lignum vitae is one of the numerous durable, hard, and dense woods referred to as ironwood. Many people have heard of Genuine Lignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale) but this Argentine Lignum vitae (Bulnesia sarmientoi) is an excellent alternative, especially for wood turning. Among commercially available hardwoods, it is widely regarded as the heaviest and hardest wood in the world. Friction is low, and the wood is self-lubricating. Before polymers, alloys and composites, the wood of Guaiacum officinale, also known as tree of life, was extremely important due to its combination of strength, toughness and density.The common name, Lignum vitae (tree of life or wood of life), comes from its historic medicinal use as a remedy for conditions from arthritis to coughs to syphilis.. I have a picture of the bearings being constructed at https://img.photobucket.com/albums/v328/titantornado/rough_bearing_2.jpg. Master clockmaker John Harrison used lignum vitae in the bearings and gears of his pendulum clocks and his first three marine chronometers (all of which were large clocks rather than watches), since the wood is self-lubricating. The resin is still used today in expectorants. etc). The wood was once used as propeller shaft bearings in nearly all the ships sailing the ‘Seven Seas’. Lignum Vitae will also dull cutters, and overall is considered quite difficult to work. Workability: Lignum Vitae has a tendency to skip over-top jointer cutters on account of its extremely high density, and very light passes are recommended. Lignum vitae is a wood, also called guayacan or guaiacum,[1] and in parts of Europe known as Pockholz or pokhout, from trees of the genus Guaiacum. I don’t think so.Give the model number and I’m sure the specs will not say Lignum Vitae fretboard. When working with Lignum Vitae you’ll notice its perfume-like scent. Buy It Now +$3.75 shipping. What would you recommend be done in order to have the wood turn green? The greatest legend about this wood is that Merlin the Wizard carried a staff and/or wand made from Lignum Vitae. Lignum Vitae TROPICAL HARDWOOD Uses: Owing to Lignum Vitae's self-lubricating properties it is used for ship’s propeller bushes and bearings, marine equipment, thrust bearings, pulley sheaves, wheels, guides, rollers and blocks, mallet heads, “woods” for bowls, cotton gins, dead eyes, die cutting and turning, and for any purpose where lubrication is impractical or unreliable. Lignum vitae . Some of those replacements are likely to still be in service. It is a very hard, dense, and heavy wood, with a fine texture. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Pioneering calypsonian/vaudevillian Sam Manning recorded a song titled "Lignum Vitae" in the 1920s. Wood from the Lignum Vitae tree is extremely versatile and has served many uses over time.The resin of the tree is guaiacum gum which has been used as a treatment for arthritis, gout and syphilis. For the same reason it was widely used in water-lubricated shaft bearings for ships and hydro-electric power plants,[7] and in the stern-tube bearings of ship propeller shafts[8] until the 1960s saw the introduction of sealed white metal bearings. I LOVE this material for making tools in restoring silver because of its density and tight grain. Color/Appearance: Heartwood color can range from a olive to a dark greenish brown to almost black, sometimes with a reddish hue. Of the six species, only two (Guaiacum sanctum and Guaiacum officinale) are commonly used by the woodworking industry. ", A hand plane with a lignum vitae sole, likely Bulnesia, and a pearwood body. This wood represents the end of strife and the beginning of a new, positive, cycle. I’d be interested to see if mineral oil would even penetrate a wood as oily as Lignum. Here is a link to woods and their toxicity and effects. The rest of the planking was white cedar. [10], The United Railroads of San Francisco (an ancestor of the San Francisco Municipal Railway) began installing insulators made of composite materials to support the heavy 600-volt DC feeder wires for their trolley system in 1904. In Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House, one of the characters, Matthew Bagnet is referred to as lignum vitae, "... in compliment to the extreme hardness and toughness of his physiognomy. Argentine Lignum Vitae The second densest wood in the world, Argentine Lignum Vitae is naturally green in color and full of oily properties that make it exceptional for turning. Surface treatments for satisfactory gluing product of India this is a monthly update, and the propeller shaft on... Bearings of lignum Vitae Paraguay they use it for cups for their drink... 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